Why Atheism?

“Isn’t it enough to see that a garden is beautiful without having to believe that there are fairies at the bottom of it too.” – Douglas Adams

I’m an atheist. I’d like to tell you why. Most of the arguments for being an atheist point to how it is more scientific or probable. I’m sure you’ve heard those before, so I’m not going to touch them. Instead, I’d like to focus on the reasons atheism can lead to a greater quality of life.

That said, I’m not here to convert anyone, just expose people to different ideas. I’m not on a crusade against religion. I’ve read many different books on various world religions. Even if I disagree with some of the founding points, the exposure to those ideas improved my philosophy towards life.

Common Arguments Against Atheism

I’d like to start by giving my rebuttal to many of the common arguments against atheism. I’m not even going to touch the circular logic of going to Hell or blasphemy. But here are some of the supposedly sensible objections to denying the existence of a god:


Morality doesn’t need to come from the threat of divine punishment. Religion can do much good, but it can be twisted to do evil as well. I believe ethics come from society. It comes from the basic principles of respecting the rights of others, service and altruism. You don’t need a god to explain morality anymore than you need Zeus to explain lightning bolts.


Another common objection is that in not believing in a god, you believe death creates infinite nothingness. I don’t have space to fully explain different theories on the life and death, but this doesn’t need to be so. Atheism only suggests that death is a current unknown.

Scott Adams suggested another possibility in his book God’s Debris. Your consciousness is based on a pattern stored on neurons in your brain. If this is the case, dying would simply pause the pattern and it would resume sometime in the future. With no delay being seen from the observer this would essentially mean you couldn’t experience death.

I’m not arguing that this theory is the way reality works, just that atheism isn’t surrendering to a nihilistic view of life. Instead, it is opening yourself to many different possibilities.


This is an argument I’ve never quite understood. It basically goes that if you don’t believe in God, isn’t life meaningless? I think this is a rather weak argument since it assumes that meaning can’t be self-determined. It also assumes that without an invisible spirit watching you, life doesn’t have a purpose.

I pick a meaning for my life and I believe it is just as satisfying without conjuring a notion of a god. I believe a god can actually become a distraction from meaning since it causes you to focus on a divine overlord instead of what really matters – the other people and beings you share the world with.

Atheism for a Greater Quality of Life

Aside from being an atheist, I’m also a vegetarian. Beyond putting myself in two self-selected minorities, many of the arguments I’ve seen against vegetarianism are similar to those against atheism. A common cited reason people I know don’t want to eat meat is because they enjoy it too much. They don’t want to sacrifice.

This is hard to explain until you’ve tried both sides, but I don’t see avoiding meat as a sacrifice. Instead I see it as an opportunity to live a healthier life, reducing my chances of many chronic diseases and giving me more energy to do what I love. I also see it as removing the environmental and ethical discomfort in supporting an industry with questionable practices.

Similarly, I think a lot of believers don’t rationally believe in a god. But they don’t want to sacrifice the comforting notion that a being greater than themselves is watching down on them and helping them out.

But in focusing on that one benefit, you miss on the potential benefits of not believing in a deity:

  • Freedom – The mental freedom to explore your world, learn and challenge your own assumptions. Instead of rejecting evidence that doesn’t fit your notion of a god, you can embrace everything with curiosity.
  • Self-Reliance – Temporarily focusing on a god may keep you happy, but what about the long-term? Instead of expecting divine intervention to let everything work out, I focus on my own abilities and reasoning to improve my experience of life.
  • Beauty – I believe beauty lies in the unknown. It lies in the things you can’t explain. That is what atheism really means. Instead of resorting to weak explanations of a deity creating the world, you see all the beautiful aspects of nature you currently don’t understand. Why tarnish evidence that the universe is larger and more magnificent than we ever realized by placing an invisible man in front of it?

Pantheism and Rational Spirituality

So far my arguments have been against the traditional notion of a god. That is an invisible, all-powerful being that not only created the universe but also, through conscious force, interrupts the rules of nature, that he himself created, to perform miracles for the benefit of one planet amidst billions of billions of stars.

The alternative to that doesn’t need to be a cold, hyper-rational, if-I-don’t-see-it-it-doesn’t-exist mindset. Pantheism (or as Richard Dawkins refers to it as “sexed up atheism”) is another choice.

Pantheism literally means “God is all.” It is the belief that the universe itself is god. That nature, humanity, science and truth are the reflection of god. In the most basic sense, this isn’t any different from atheism or science. But while atheism emphasizes what the atheist doesn’t believe in, pantheism presents the alternative.

I’m a follower of rational spirituality. Although it may sound like an oxymoron, rational spirituality means that truth, and your understanding of the world, enhance your appreciation of it. Instead of supplementing an unemotional scientific perspective with superstition, you find the emotional beauty in science and reason.

Read a book on evolutionary biology or quantum physics and it you soon realize how mind-blowingly amazing the universe actually is. The wonders of the New Testament, in my opinion, pale in comparison to how evolution works, the possibilities of string theory or quantum entanglement.

Appealing to a Higher Motive

God can serve a purpose in causing us to aspire towards something greater. But I don’t believe a theistic god is the only (or even the best) possibility here either.

Even beyond just appreciating nature and the world for beauty, you need an ideal to strive towards. A motivation that gives your life purpose and your broader actions meaning. An answer to the question, “What does it all mean?”

Finding your higher ideal is an incredibly personal task. It is a task that can’t be delegated or avoided by reading a holy book. I can’t tell you what your higher ideal should be. All I can show you is what mine is.

My higher motive is based on three separate principles:

  • Truth – Complete understanding is the first part of my higher ideal. This means that there is intrinsic purpose in seeking the truth. And that faith or any suspension of the rational mind I possess is an inherent evil towards this goal. I don’t believe a lie at the most basic level can ever be superior to what reality actually is.
  • Service – The second aspect of my higher ideal is service and morality. This means that there is intrinsic purpose in serving the greatest good and respecting the rights of others. Any act that harms the greatest good or infringes on the personal rights of another conscious being is inherently evil.
  • Challenge – The final aspect of my higher ideal is that the pursuit of both truth and service is supposed to be challenging. Pain and struggle are not goals in themselves, but moving through challenges has intrinsic meaning if it moves you to greater truth and service. This means that no matter what happens to myself, there is a meaning in it if I choose to find it.

The two elements of rational spirituality and appealing to a higher motive do a far more elegant job of fulfilling me than adopting a specific religion and worshiping a god. Better yet, my beliefs are self-correcting. By placing the highest emphasis on truth, I am always willing to change my beliefs if evidence shows them to have errors.

Should You Become an Atheist?

I didn’t write this article to convert you. I fully expect not to have converted anyone who was already set in their beliefs. But just as I read religious and spiritual books to enhance my philosophy, hopefully this could do the same for you.

Further Reading for Atheism, Rational Spirituality and Higher Motives



Spirituality and Philosophy:

  • Brent

    I found the “Let My People Think” podcasts to be very informative at addressing many of the comments posted here. We should not attack each other on this topic but rather honestly seek truth.


  • Asif

    Because u hv mentioned that u r open to new ideas and u hv a willingness to seek truth and accept it, I would strongly suggest u to study Islam. Especially the Quran. Pls don’t think of Islam as another monotheistic religion like christiniaty and Judaism. I know u are a fast learner, go through the basic principles of Islam and u will soon start to see the clear picture if Allah wills.

    I am not trying to convert u either. Just conveying what I found to be absolute truth.

  • http://www.pg4life.com/suicidal/ Sebastian Aiden Daniels

    I now have a list of the books I can read next. I’m very interested in the Scott Adams book.

    I agree with your reasons. I am against organized religion especially fundamentalism. Plus, if there is a hell, I am okay going to it because I’m sure it is a lot more fun and interesting than having to be at the whims of a psychopathic god that kills other people who doesn’t listen to him (old testament).

    I am agnostic though because since it is unknown I can’t close my mind off to that it could be possibility I guess. I am not willing to 100% there isn’t a god because I don’t know if there is or isn’t.

  • LaurenLL

    I loved your well-thought out presentation on why you’re an atheist and your being a follower of rational spirituality. My journey began with being raised in a Christian household, though we could not participate fully in the denomination we followed due to my father being divorced. Why he continued following their set of beliefs is another story. Anyway, I’ve always been a voracious reader with an equally voracious curiosity. When I was 13, I read my first science fiction novel, “War of the Worlds.” My mind expanded as I realized that there was more to this Universe than what the bible presented. I accepted evolution in 7th grade, and by the time I graduated, I was an agnostic. I’ve read the Tao Te Ching and like the idea of their being no entity. The one thing my father, whom I believe would have come to agnosticism if he had lived long enough, did was, instead of claiming “god hasn’t told us yet”, when I asked a question about god or the bible was saying, “I don’t know.” It was the most precious gift he gave me. There is no One Truth about anything because truth is open to interpretation. I find this to be the most disturbing part of religion and, especially, fundamentalist/evangelical religion. Thanks for the great article.

  • oswald

    Religion has its place, because it can help a person, but it can cause harm as well. We all should find to seek a balance. Personally I know there is a God, but I also realize, that without goals we do not have a life. Truth is different for everyone, that may be due to karma. Im also a member of Bahai and Mahikari. my karma.

  • Zahid

    All those benefits you mentioned are in Islam. When you study the Quran, you will see that Allah encourages people to use their mind and reflect and see the beauty in the creation. Freedom, that is the way to get freedom, true freedom is to be able to let go of your ego and move towards your higher ideal which in Islam, we focus more than 17 times a day by asking God for Guidance in the different rakah’s of the five times prayer. All those benefits you mentioned, those ideals…. the practical and balanced way to reach them have been shown to us. It is only the if God guides one to the straight way.. the way to happiness, then one will find it and spend his life more towards going towards his higher ideal in a more focused and efficient way to help him in this life and after death God willing.

  • http://nil Alin-Al-Kasiyani

    I think its funny how the Muslims speak of their Religion when in Public, and when in their Mosques and Homes.
    Hypocrisy is Halal in Islam!!
    I think we ought to replace the “of” from the “Freedom of Religion” and replace it with a “From”, especially when Muslims are involved.

  • J Jackson

    Dear Mr. Young,

    Thank you for writing such an informative article which presented a new, non-standard view of atheism.

    I have a question regarding this paragraph:

    “Morality doesn’t need to come from the threat of divine punishment. Religion can do much good, but it can be twisted to do evil as well. I believe ethics come from society. It comes from the basic principles of respecting the rights of others, service and altruism.”

    How do you decide what is moral and what is not? I know you said ethics come from society, but societies, like religions, have done a lot of wrong things over the centuries.

    For example, just look at American history. Before our Civil War, society overwhelmingly declared that slavery was morally right and legal. Was it? Did the morality and ethics of slavery change after the Civil War, when society had changed its mind?

    Also, where do other people get their rights from? Why do people have rights, while insects don’t? Is it just because we’re bigger and smarter?

    I’m curious, and would appreciate any answer you’d like to give.

    Thank you.

  • http://www.scotthyoung.com Scott Young

    J Jackson,

    There’s a lot of possible answers to that question, so I’ll just give mine.

    I believe in a looser form of utilitarianism, which suggests that morality is, to a certain extent, maximizing some kind of value (such as total happiness, or average happiness or some mix of the two or a reasonable alternative to happiness).

    Specific moral precepts are algorithms to try to maximize this amount under some kind of context.

    I believe we have an intuitive sense for this broad kind of utilitarianism, just as we have an ability to reason about number and kind. That is, it’s a built-in mental function that at least approximates the “true” function. We also have the ability to learn moral heuristics in the form of social norms and these guide most of our behavior. But, we can also access this intuition to question those norms.

    Think of it this way: the Bible allows for slavery, something most of us would currently condemn. If morality *only* has a divine root and there is no such thing as a moral intuition that is distinct from it, why would people see the idea of slavery as being any more problematic than “Thou shalt not kill” or any similarly uncontroversial suggestion in the Bible.

    In short:

    1. Morality is a maximization problem, although the exact quantity being maximized is a little unclear.
    2. We have a built-in intuition that approximates this function, although it breaks down in the usual ways that our intuitions about abstract concepts break down. That is, it’s possible for something that intuitively feels evil to many be good and vice versa. The map is not the territory.
    3. We also develop concrete social norms and rituals as heuristics for managing the complexity of this function and to coordinate behavior. These become laws and more informal sources of morality, although we retain the original intuition to question them.


  • Daniel

    The fool in his heart says there is no God.

  • Mohammed

    Hi Scott .. your work is brilliant although I disagree with the atheism aspect of it. I just needed to correct the poster who mentioned “hypocrisy is halal in Islam” It is an unfortunate reality that many Muslims nowadays are hypocrites in that their behaviour is not consistent with what they say but true Islam as taught by the Prophet(peace be upon him) and followed by the first four rightly guided caliphs after him label hypocrisy as the worst evil. There is the deviant Shia sect though who claim hypocrisy as permissible .. thus they are a deviant sect like the fundamentalists, fanatics and terrorists. Also a note to be careful of individuals who take things from Islam that are totally out of context and use it to further their own un-Islamic cause. Thanks

  • Anthony

    I’d like to list a few books that are good and are less antagonistic (i.e. “religion is for morons”)

    Good without God by Greg Epstein
    The Atheist Primer by Malcolm Murray

  • Ismael

    Hi Scott, I’ve a question: You see dog footsteps on the ground. What does it mean? Logically a dog or wolf has walked by this way. But have you seen it? No however you’re sure. So the entire universe including me and you are the steps of God, the Creator of what you know and ignore. So that’s for God existence (I wonder you believe it deeply inside you).
    For the best religion because everyone claims himself, I confirm you ISLAM(the true!) is the real religion from GOD because it’s based on rationality (Yes!) and teaches equilibrium in everything, no extremism (Yes!) (proved in QURAN). But unfortunately, some people act following their own desires and saying this is ISLAM.
    So I think if you’re exposed to the true ISLAM correctly, you’re likely to adopt it because it’ll answer your questions simply and elegantly and if you use your intellect (as I notice) it’ll satisfy you. Can’t tell to much here but you can email me if you have questions.

  • Jake

    Scott I consider myself a non-denominational christian. Granted, I am only sixteen years old, I truly believe in Christianity. I am not one of those radical Christians that screams and insults you and says “Your going to hell.” Although I do believe you, even Gandhi… is going to Hell. My conversion was a slow process. I read the bible every night along with the side notes and eventually I just chose to believe. Just to be clear… I am against organized religion, but I am for a personal relationship with Jesus Christ. There are many benefits to Christianity that you be unaware of. Every rebellious atheist I know says “Why should I believe in Jesus/God?” My answer is usually “Why not?
    What are the benefits of not believing in God/Jesus. The most important fact that figured out about life is that it is not fair. The Bible has taught me, not a pastor… acceptance. Yesterday I was crossing a street in my car, and their was a glare on the side of my window. I crossed the street and almost got hit by a car going 45mph… I was in a golf cart. I would surely have died. I didn’t panic afterwards. I thanked God but I accepted it. This was a miracle. The first big miracle that happened in my life. Small miracles happen all the time, if you look out for them. I accept that my life is going to be long, painful, and I am going to suffer prolonged pain, but in it I will strive to be a better person, help others, and accept that whatever God decides is best.
    My first impression of how Christians should act was to play it cool; suggest the idea and if they decline I accept it. All the benefits that you listed of Atheism lie in Christianity.

    I am not advocating Churches!!! But, a personal relationship with your savior. You seem like a person with an open mind, so at least think this through.

  • Awasom Cornelius

    Being spiritual means you believe in a higher force outside yourself.Call it God or whaever ,it shows you adhere to something higher than yourself..

  • Steven

    I have to also disagree with you on the morality issue. If you believe in evolution, then it’s survival of the fittest, right? So your biological imperative is to attempt to procreate with as many women as possible, even if you are married. If you think that’s not moral, then what is your argument against it? Moral standards have to come from somewhere, and saying ‘basic principles of respecting the rights of others, service and altruism’ is pretty weak considering how these notions have changed.