Don’t Be Busy

The most useful and counterintuitive productivity advice I was ever given was don’t be busy. Do less things. Commit to fewer responsibilities. Don’t try to fill your schedule up.

It’s strange advice because busyness is one of the things we most associate with productive people. Think of the CEO who works 100 hour workweeks or the academic who grinds non-stop to produce journal-worthy papers. Hardly lives free from busyness.

But the more I’ve tried this approach, the more I feel it is true (and that many, many of our notions about what it means to be productive are hopelessly entangled with *appearing* productive and are therefore screwed up).

Avoid Being Busy

Working hard isn’t the same as being busy. When I was working 60+ hours per week on the MIT Challenge, I was working hard, but I was never busy. I was never busy because, despite the workload, my calendar was almost always empty. If I had made lists of tasks during that time, most days would have just had one item on it—“study”.

Working hard can be exhausting, but it drains you in a different way than being busy. Being busy is draining because of mental overhead. You’re mentally juggling different goals, people, schedules, tasks. You’re squeezing in a fifteen minute lunch between two different commitments to work on two different projects.

Being busy has two major downsides:

  1. You end up sliding away from hard work which matters, and into easy work that doesn’t. Having a call with someone is easy. Penning and essay, writing code, finishing a design or learning something new is hard.
  2. Busyness breeds more busyness. A lot of busyness happens because you implicitly accepted responsibility for something. Busy people tend to accumulate responsibilities, often which have little to do with their goals.

Busyness can’t be completely controlled. Some professions and lifestyles require you to be busy. But you can almost always make changes at the margin—opting to be less busy, rather than more.

How to Not Be Busy

Busyness creeps up into your life the way messyness does into your house. Not all at once, but gradually, if you don’t attend to it.

Here’s some strategies to stop being busy:

  1. Be irresponsible. I’ve heard this strategy being employed by many successful scientists and academics (such as Richard Feynman or Amos Tversky). They feign being irresponsible and unreliable, so that people learn not to ask them to be busy.
  2. Only be busy once per week. I strive, whenever possible, to schedule all my calls, appointments and other time-fragmenting tasks on Fridays. That allows me to get everything done with and save the rest of the week relatively unscathed. It’s often unachievable, but even by trying to push things onto one day, I end up saving large chunks of my week from busyness.
  3. Be disconnected. When someone asks you for your time, it’s very hard to say no. That’s why one of the best strategies for not being busy is being difficult to reach. For some people that means not having an email address, but requiring anyone interested in communicating to mail a physical letter. For others, that can mean opting out of social media or severely curtailing it.
  4. Have fewer projects, ideally only one. Most now know the dangers of multitasking. But I believe multiprojecting can be just as bad. Having only one or two big projects on the go is a surer recipe for accomplishment than juggling dozens of conflicting priorities.
  5. Be wary of any commitment that doesn’t end. Any commitment that requires ongoing effort, however small, will quickly consume a lot of your time. Sometimes this is unavoidable (exercise, sleep, etc.), but often it is. I switched from writing 10x per week to once per week with zero impact on my traffic, subscribers or sales. Sometimes doing less really is more.
  6. Tell people you’re busy, even when you’re not. I feel this is one of those socially acceptable lies you should practice saying more often. “Sorry, I’m too busy,” is much easier to say and swallow than the truer, but less polite, “What you’re offering me isn’t important enough to merit my time.”
  7. Strive for days you’re not sure how to fill, rather than having tasks you’re not sure where to fit. You’ll know you’re successful in eliminating busyness if you look at your schedule and see large, blank swaths of time on your calendar you’re unsure what to fill with rather than dozens of tasks you’re not sure where you’ll be able to fit in.

Virtues of an Unbusy Life

My life is usually not busy. I look at my calendar and it is either blank or with one appointment on most days. That means I can sleep in if I want, take a long lunch, call a friend to chat in the middle of the day, read a book or learn something new I find interesting.

The outcome of this superficial laziness, however, has been very positive. Having large chunks of empty time necessitates filling them with something. The less busy I am, the more likely that’s going to be big, hard, important projects.

This philosophy certainly hasn’t hurt me professionally—in the last year my business grew revenue by six times, released two new courses and added new full-time employees. I was even able to squeeze in a public ultralearning project as well. I’m not sure I could have done as much if I had been busier.

Unfortunately, despite fairly unambiguous success from this strategy, the social pressure to be busy is enormous. Even I feel it, and I’ve managed to escape working in an office where seeming busy is often seen as a substitute for doing good work.

The biggest downside of the unbusy philosophy, in my experience, is that you must constantly wrestle with the socially conditioned feelings that you really should be working more, filling up every spare moment of your calendar and busying yourself with things—just like everyone else. However, if you can avoid the temptation, I think there’s great things waiting to be done by ambitious, hardworking people that choose to be less busy.

  • Martina Buck Turgidson

    Completely agree. I kind of have this lifestyle – and can really relate to the last paragraph. Scott, how do you deal with it if/when people give you the “you don’t have a real job” vibe?

  • Arthur Guerrero

    I slowly fell into the unbusy schedule and was just starting to question (last two weeks or so) whether I was being productive enough and working hard enough. This post really came at a good time for me.

    I spent the beginning of 2016 saying no to so many invitations and time wasters that now I can spend my time after work reading and writing as much as I want haha.

  • Danilo Reinert

    Definetly the best practical advice I’ve read from you. Thank you.

  • Jake Larsen

    This was a nice, quick read. Thx Scott!

  • Simon Zöchbauer

    Thanks for the precious Article! Yes, I experience the same, less busy = more productive and focused.
    Some years ago during my studies at University (Trumpet) I was practicing best when I had a stuffy nose and told my teachers I had to stay at home. I felt like now it was legitimated not being that busy and that released a lot pressure.
    Thanks! 🙂

  • Thanks Scott. I am doing two things at one time. Learning HTML and CSS in the morning and Web Designing in the evening. Hope it’s not that bad, lol. 🙂

  • Matthew Rahtz

    Excellent article – thanks, Scott!

    A small typo: ‘penning and essay’.

  • Josh Storey

    I get so tired of the quiet pride in the voice of people who reply to; “how are things?” with “SO busy!”
    I think, “uh, congratulations?”
    Right now I have alot of spare time but am struggling to stay focused on my project. This post is encouraging.

  • Katarína

    Dear Scott, thank you for your wonderful blog. I wish you merry Christmas and happy New year 2017 😀

  • kroot

    Dear Scott,

    Thank you very much for this blog! Some of your opinions shock me very much and I think you are right and I’ll try these methods.
    Thank you very much and happy new year!


  • John Neumann

    And in the section Strategy 5 there is a sentence ending with “it is” where “it isn’t” would make more sense.

  • Healthy Lifestyles

    When will we learn our lesson? Your article clearly demonstrates that we are often guilty of repeating our mistakes over and over. I’ll bet that most of us without too much effort can think of a mistake that we have repeatedly made and owe it to ourselves to fix it. As you say to make the most of this New Year we have to look for our circles, find the ones not working for us, and straighten them out.

  • Bo Yu

    This is so true. I also find so many trivial things occupy my time, drain my energy/willpower. Great advice. Thanks!

  • Astha Agarwal

    Thanks for this article Scott,
    this has inspired me a lot:)

  • Vour Essence

    A great article! I suspect that these are all good things to do before I even read this writings, but wasn’t so sure because society kind of dictates us to do things certain way.
    Now I am more sure.
    Thanks Scott! 🙂